PUBLICATIONS

Journals

Mills, C., Gregg, J., Bixler, R., D’Mello, S.K. (in press). Eye-Mind Reader: An intelligent reading interface that promotes long-term comprehension by detecting and responding to mind wandering. Human Computer Interaction.

Girn, M., Mills, C., Christoff, K. (in press). Linking Brain Network Reconfiguration and Intelligence: Are we there yet? Trends in Neuroscience and Education.

Hutt, S., Krasich, K., Mills, C., Bosch, N., Brockmole, J., D’Mello, S.K. (in press). Automated Gaze-Based Mind Wandering Detection during Computerized Learning in Classrooms. User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction.

Wammes, J.D., Ralph, B.C.W., Mills, C., Bosch, N., Duncan, T.L., Smilek, D. (in press). On disengagement during lectures: Media multitasking and mind wandering in the university classroom. Computers & Education.

Smith, G.K., Mills, C., Paxton, A., Christoff, K. (in press). Mind wandering rates fluctuate across the day: Evidence from an experience sampling study. Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications.

Zedelius, C., Mills, C., Schooler, J. (in press). Beyond Subjective Judgments: Predicting Evaluations of Creative Writing from Computational Linguistic Features. Behavior Research Methods.

Mills, C. & Christoff, K. (2018). Finding Consistency in Boredom by Appreciating its Instability. Trends in Cognitive Sciences. 22(9) 744-747.

*Fox, K.C.R., *Andrews-Hanna, J., Mills, C., Dixon, M.L., Marcovic, J., Thompson, E., Christoff, K. (2018). Affective neuroscience of self-generated thought. Annals of New York Academy of Sciences. 38(29) 6439-6441.

Calderon, M., Mills, C., D’Mello, S.K., Risko, E.F. (2018). Re-watching lectures as a study strategy and its effect on mind wandering. Experimental Psychology. 1-9.

 

Wilson, K., Martinez, M., Mills, C., D’Mello, S.K., Smilek, D., Risko, E.F. (2018). Instructor presence effect: Liking does not always lead to learning. Computers & Education, 122, 205-220.

Dixon, M.L., De La Vega, A., Mills, C., Andrews-Hanna, J., Spreng, R.N., Cole, M., Christoff, K. (2018). Heterogeneity within the frontoparietal control network and its relationship to the default and dorsal attention networks. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 201715766.

Mills, C., Raffaelli, Q., Irving, Z.C., Stan, D., Christoff, K. (2018). Is an off-task mind a freely-moving mind? Examining the relationship between different dimensions of thought. Consciousness & Cognition, 58, 20-33.

Mills, C., Wu, J., D’Mello, S.K. (2017). Being sad is not always bad: The influence of affect on expository text comprehension. Discourse Processes,1-18.

Joksimović, S., Oleksandra, S., Kovanović, V., Dowell, N. M., Mills, C., Gašević, D., Dawson, S., Graesser, A. C., & Brooks, C. (2018). How do we model learning at scale? A systematic review of the literature. Review of Educational Research, 88(1), 43-86

Mills, C., Graesser, A.C., Risko, E.F., D’Mello, S.K. (2017). Cognitive Coupling during Reading. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. 146(6), 872-883.

Dixon, M.L., Andrews-Hanna, J.R., Spreng, R.N., Irving, Z.C., Mills, C., Girn, M., Christoff, K., (2017). Interactions between the default network and dorsal attention network vary across default subsystems, time, and cognitive states. NeuroImage. 147(15), 632-649.

Raffaelli, Q., Mills, C., Christoff, K. (2017). The knowns and unknowns of boredom: A review of the literature. Experimental Brain Research.

Faber, M., Mills, C., Kopp, K. D’Mello, S.K. (2016). The effect of disfluency on mind wandering during text comprehension. Psychological Bulletin and Review, 1-6.

Kopp, K., Mills, C., & D’Mello, S.K. (2016). Mind wandering during film comprehension. Psychological Bulletin and Review. 23(3), 842-848.

Phillips, N., Mills, C., & D’Mello, S.K., Risko, E.F. (2016). On the influence of re-reading on mind wandering. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 1-20.

Mills, C., & Kopp, K., D’Mello, S.K. (2015). The influence of consequence value and text difficulty on affect, attention, and learning while reading instructional texts. Learning and Instruction. 40, 9-20.

Kopp, K., D’Mello, S.K. &  Mills, C. (2015). Influencing the occurrence of mind wandering while reading. Consciousness and Cognition. 34, 52-62.

Mills, C., & D’Mello, S.K. (2014). On the Validity of the Autobiographical Emotional Memory Task for Emotion Induction. PLOS One, 9(4): e95837.

D’Mello, S.K., Mills, C., (2014). Emotions during Emotional and Non-emotional Writing. Motivation and Emotion, 38(1), 140-156.

Lehman, B., D’Mello, S.K., Strain, A.C., Mills, C. Gross, M., Dobbins, A., Wallace, P., Millis, K., Graesser, A.C. (2013). Inducing and Tracking Confusion with Contradictions During Complex Learning. International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education, 22(2), 85-105.

 

Book Chapters

Mills, C.  & Christoff, K. (2018). Constructed Futures. In P. Tortell, M. Turin, & M. Young (Eds.) Memory. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press.

Mills, C., Herrera-Bennett, A., Faber, M., Christoff, K. (in press). Why the mind wanders: How spontaneous thought’s default variability may support episodic efficiency and semantic optimization. In K.C.R. Fox & K. Christoff (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Spontaneous Thought: Mind-wandering, Creativity, Dreaming, and Clinical Conditions. New York: Oxford University Press. 

 

Published Proceedings (strictly peer reviewed)

Varao-Sousa, T., Mills, C., Kingstone, A. (in press). Where You Are, Not What You See: The Impact of Learning Environment on Mind Wandering and Material Retention. In Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Learning Analytics and Knowledge Conference (LAK 2019). ACM: New York, NY. (Best Short Paper Award Winner)

 

Allen, L.K., Mills, C., McNamara, D.S. (in press). Are You Talking to Me? Multi-Dimensional Language Analysis of Explanations during Reading. In Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Learning Analytics and Knowledge Conference (LAK 2019). ACM: New York, NY.

 

Bosch, N., Mills, C., Wammes, J. D., & Smilek, D. (2018). Quantifying classroom instructor dynamics with computer vision. In Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education (AIED 2018). Berlin Heidelberg: Springer.

 

Krasich, K., Hutt, S., Mills, C.,  Spann, C., Brockmole, J. & D’Mello, S.K. (2018). "Mind" TS: Testing a brief mindfulness intervention with an intelligent tutoring system. In Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education (AIED 2018). Berlin Heidelberg: Springer.

D’Mello, S.K, Mills, C., Bixler, R., Bosch, N. (2017). Zone out no more: Mitigating mind wandering during computerized reading. Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Educational Data Mining (EDM 2017). International Educational Data Mining Society. (Best Paper Award Nominee)

Hutt, S., Mills, C., Bosch, N., Krasich, K., Brockmole, J., D’Mello, S.K. (2017). Out of the Fr-“Eye”-ing Pan: Towards Gaze-Based Models of Attention during Learning with Technology in the Classroom. Proceedings of the 25th International Conference on User Modeling, Adaptation, and Personalization (UMAP 2017). ACM: New York, NY. (James Chen Best Student Paper Award winner)

Girn, M., Mills, C., Laycock, E., Ellamil, M., Ward, L., Christoff, K. (2017). Neural Dynamics of Spontaneous Thought: An EEG Study. Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (HCI 2017) (pp. XX- XX). Springer. (Best Paper Award winner)

 

Mills, C., Fridman, I., Soussou, W., Waghray, D., Onley, A., D’Mello, S.K. (2017). Put your thinking cap on: Detecting Cognitive Load using EEG during Learning. Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Learning Analytics and Knowledge (LAK 2017). ACM: New York, NY.

Hutt, S., Mills, C., White, S., Donnelly, P.J., D’Mello, S.K. (2016). The eyes have it: Gaze-based detection of mind wandering during learning with an intelligent tutoring system. Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Educational Data Mining (EDM 2015). International Educational Data Mining Society. 

Mills, C.*, Bixler, R.*, Wang, X., D’Mello, S.K. (2016). Automatic gaze-based detection of mind wandering during film viewing. Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Educational Data Mining (EDM 2015). International Educational Data Mining Society. *equal contributing authors 

Allen, L.K., Mills, C., Crossely S., Jacovina, M., D’Mello, S.K.  McNamara, D.S. (2016). Investigating boredom and engagement during writing using multiple sources of information:  The essay, the writer, and keystrokes. Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Learning Analytics and Knowledge. (LAK 2016) (pp. 114-123). ACM: NewYork, NY.

Mills, C., D’Mello, S.K. (2015). Toward a Real-time (Day) Dreamcatcher: Detecting Mind Wandering Episodes During Online Reading. In C. Romero, M. Pechenizkiy, J. Boticario, & O. Santos (Eds.), Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Educational Data Mining (EDM 2015) (pp. 69- 76). International Educational Data Mining Society.

Mills, C., D’Mello, S. K., Bosch, N., & Olney, A. (2015). Mind Wandering during Learning with an Intelligent Tutoring System. In C. Conati, N. Heffernan, A. Mitrovic, & M. Felisa Verdejo (Eds.), Proceedings of the 17th  International Conference on ArtificialIntelligence in Education (AIED 2015) (pp. 267- 276). Springer-Verlag: Berlin Heidelberg.

Mills, C., Bosch, N., Graesser, A., & D’Mello, S. K. (2014). To Quit or Not to Quit: Predicting Future Behavioral Disengagement from Reading Patterns. In S. Trausan-Matu et al. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS 2014) (pp. 19-28). Springer International Publishing: Switzerland.

Mills, C., D’Mello, S.K. (2013). Sorry, I Must Have Zoned Out: Tracking Mind Wandering Episodes in an Interactive Learning Environment. In H.C. Lane and K. Yacef  (Eds.) Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education (pp. 896-899). Berlin Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag.

Mills, C., D’Mello, S.K., Lehman, B., Bosch, N., Strain, A.C., Graesser, A.C. (2013) What Makes Learning Fun? Exploring the Influence of Choice and Difficulty on Mind Wandering and Engagement during Learning. In H.C. Lane and K. Yacef  (Eds.) Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education (pp. 71-80). Berlin Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag.

Bosch. N., D’Mello, S.K., Mills, C. (2013). What Emotions do Novices Experience During their First Computer Programming Learning Session? In H.C. Lane and K. Yacef  (Eds.) Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education (pp. 11-20). Berlin Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag.

Mills, C. & D’Mello, S. K. (2013). Emotions During Writing about Socially-Charged Issues: Effects of the (Mis)Alignment of Personal Positions with Instructed Positions. Proceedings of 26th Florida Artificial Intelligence Research Society Conference  (pp. 509-514). Menlo Park, CA: AAAI Press (Best Overall Paper and Best Student Paper Award winner)

Mills, C. & D’Mello, S. K. (2012). Emotions During Writing on Topics that Align or Misalign with Personal Beliefs. In S. Cerri & W. Clancey (Eds.) Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems (pp. 638-639). Berlin Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag.

Lehman, B., Mills, C., D’Mello, S. K., & Graesser, A. C. (2012). Automatic Evaluation of Learner Self-Explanations and Erroneous Responses for Dialogue-Based ITSs. In S. Cerri & W. Clancey (Eds.) Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems (pp. 541-550). Berlin Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag.

Dowell, N., D’Mello, S. K., Mills, C. & Graesser, A. C., (2011). Does Topic Matter? Topical Influences on Linguistic and Rubric-Based Evaluation of Writing. In G. Biswas, S. Bull, J. Kay, & A. Mitrovic (Eds.), Proceedings of 15th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education (pp.450-452). Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

Other Publications

Faber, M. & Mills, C. (in press). The critical role of the hippocampus in mind wandering. Journal of Neuroscience.

 

Christoff, K., Mills, C., Andrews-Hanna, J.R., Irving, Z.C., Thompson, E., Fox, K.C.R., Kam, J. (in press). Mind wandering as a scientific construct: Cutting through the definitional haze. Trends in Cognitive Sciences.

 

Mills, C. (2017). An Evidence-Centered Design Approach to Mind Wandering. Invited white paper. Analytics for Learning (A4L).

Conference Presentations

Mills, C., Smith, G.K., Dowell, N., Ghattan, S., Christoff, K. (November, 2018). How Do the Contents of a Wandering Mind Unfold Over Time? An Automated Computational Linguistic Approach. Poster presented at the 59th annual meeting of the Psychonomic Society. New Orleans, LA, USA.

 

Mills, C., Gregg, J., Bixler, R., D’Mello, S.K. (November, 2018). A real-time mind-wandering intervention during reading. Presented at the 48th annual meeting of the Society for Computers in Psychology. New Orleans, LA, USA.

 

Mills, C., Dowell, N., Christoff, K. (July, 2018). Using Automated Measures of Cohesion to Assess the Wandering Mind: A Think-Aloud Study. Society for Text and Discourse. Brighton, England, UK.

 

Irving, Z.C., Kam, J.W.Y., Mills, C., Sripada, C., Gopnek, A., Knight, R.T. (June, 2018). The Wandering Brain: Measuring Freely Moving Thought. Summer Seminars in Neuroscience and Philosophy. Durham, NC, US.

 

Mills, C., Smith, G.K., Christoff, K. (November, 2017). Daily Cycles of Freely-Moving Thought. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Psychonomic Society. Vancouver, BC.

Irving, Z., Mills, C., Christoff, K. (June, 2017). How Do You Measure A Wandering Mind? Presented at the Society for Philosophy and Psychology. Baltimore, MD.

Mills, C., Stan, D., Raffaelli, Q., Christoff, K. (March, 2016). Diurnal Rhythms in Freedom of Thought. Presented at the Society for Neuroscience of Creativity. San Francisco, CA.

 

Mills, C., Stan, D., Raffaelli, Q., Christoff, K. (March, 2016). Diurnal Rhythms in Freedom of Thought: An Experience Sampling. Presented at the Cognitive Neuroscience Society Conference. San Francisco, CA.

 

Stan, D., Mills, C., Herrera-Bennett, A., Rafaelli, Q., Christoff, K. (November, 2016). Is task-unrelated thought the same as mind wandering? Presented at the Society for Neuroscience Conference. San Diego, CA.

Mills, C., Seli, P., Forrin, N., D’Mello, S.K., Smilek, D., & Risko, E.F. (May, 2016). The effect of text difficulty on intentional and unintentional mind-wandering. Presented at the Canadian Society for Brain, Behaviour, and Cognitive Science. Ottawa, ON.

Wilson, K., Mills, C., D’Mello, S.K., Smilek, D., & Risko, E.F. (May, 2016). You are more seductive than you think: Videos of lecturers may capture attention and impair learning. Presented at the Canadian Society for Brain, Behaviour, and Cognitive Science. Ottawa, ON.

Mills, C.,  Risko, E., Graesser, A.C., D’Mello, S. K (May, 2016). Cognitive coupling. Poster presented the APS. Chicago, IL.

Faber, M., Mills, C., & D’Mello, S. K. (May, 2016). The effect of disfluency on mind wandering. Poster presented the APS. Chicago, IL.

D’Mello, S. K., Kopp, K., & Mills, C. (November, 2015). Mind wandering during film comprehension: The role of prior knowledge and situational interest. Poster presented the 56th annual meeting of the Psychonomic Society. Chicago, IL.

Mills, C.,  Risko, E., Graesser, A.C., D’Mello, S. K (July, 2015). Cognitive Coupling during Reading. Paper to be presented the 56th annual meeting of the Psychonomic Society. Chicago, IL.

Mills, C., Phillips, N., & D’Mello, S. K., Risko, E. (July, 2015). Mind Wandering during Re-reading Instructional Texts. Paper presented at the 25th annual meeting of the Society for Text and Discourse. Minneapolis, MN.

Kopp, K., Mills, C., D’Mello, S. K. (July, 2015). The Effects of Prior Knowledge on Mind Wandering during Film Comprehension. Paper presented at the 25th annual meeting of the Society for Text and Discourse. Minneapolis, MN.

Kopp, K., Mills, C., D’Mello, S. K. (May, 2015). Mind Wandering during Film Comprehension. Paper presented the 27th annual meeting of the Association for Psychological Science. New York, NY.

D’Mello, Mills, C., Graesser, A.C. (2015, April). Perceptions of Value and Difficulty as Antecedents of Boredom and Mind Wandering. Paper presented at the 2014 Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association. Chicago, IL.

Fulmer, S. M., Stey, P. Mills, C. D’Mello, S.K. (2015, April). Effects of Experimentally-Manipulated Text Difficulty and Text Value on Trajectories of Emotional Engagement. Paper presented at the 2015 Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association. Chicago, IL.

Mills, C., Risko, E., Graesser, A. C., & D’Mello, S. K. (Aug, 2014). Decoupling as a Measure of Engagement during Reading. Paper presented at the 24th annual meeting of the Society for Text and Discourse. Chicago, IL.

Kopp, K., Mills, C., Lehman, B., Graesser, A. C., & D’Mello, S. K. (Aug, 2014). Influencing the Occurrence of Mind Wandering During Reading. Poster presented the 24th annual meeting of the Society for Text and Discourse. Chicago, IL.

D’Mello, S., Fulmer, S. M., Mills, C., & Graesser, A. (2014, April). Choice and difficulty as antecedents of affect during learning. Paper presented at the 2014 Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association. Philadelphia, PA.

Mills, C., D’Mello, S.K., Strain, A.C., Graesser, A.C., (2012, May). The Influence of Text Difficulty and the Illusion of Choice on Mind Wandering during Reading. Paper presented at the 2nd Annual Midwestern Cognitive Science Conference. Bloomington, IN.

Dowell, N., D’Mello, S. K., Mills, C. & Graesser, A. C. (2011, July). Topic Effects on Linguistic and Rubric-Based Writing Evaluation. Poster Presented at the 21st Annual Meeting of the Society for Text and Discourse. Poitiers, France.

Roche, J. M., Mills, C., Booker, E. & Dale, R. (2010, November). Who I Am, what I Say, and How I Say It: The effects of talker variability on affective language. Paper presented at the 9th Annual Meeting of the Auditory Perception, Cognition and Action Meeting. St. Louis, MO.

Mills, C., Roche, J.M., Dale, R., Farmer, T., Zevin, J. (2010, March). What Memphis do You Speak?. Poster presented at the 56th Annual Meeting for the Southeastern Psychological Association. Chattanooga, TN.

O’Brien, M., Mills, C. (2010, May) Reactance and Self-Affirmation: How threats to self-affect resistance persuasion. Poster presented at the 82nd Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association. Chicago, IL.

Mills, C., Taylor, T. (2009, February) The Relationship between Stereotypes and Athletics. Paper presented at the 12th Annual Meeting of the Mid-South Psychological Conference. Jackson, TN.

caitlin.mills at unh.edu · 432 McConnell Hall Durham, NH 03824